Nederlands English

27 Jun 2022
There are several ways to catch fish. One of them is called "phishing". The catch with this is more lucrative than catching a fish.
SEMK Botswana received four "phishing" emails from MijnGovernment, which I did not trust. As I became curious by the repetition of the emails, and because the email wasn't marked as spam, I read it.
"Dear relation,
This service notice contains essential information intended solely for you.
Based on the financial effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the government has decided to give you an extra promise for an amount of € 279.99 on your tax return.
Visit our website for more information about applying for a refund:
We hope to have informed you sufficiently and wish you a pleasant day.
Kees van Feringa
This is an automatically generated email. Responses, questions and comments sent to the sender of this e-mail will therefore not be answered/handled."
Just to be safe, I forwarded the email to:
24 Jun 2022
ZAR57-billion: How the Guptas played Monopoly with state money. 23 June 2022. Sarah Smit.
More than ZAR57-billion in public funds were tainted by state capture — and its alleged architects, the Gupta family, raked in at least ZAR15.5-billion, according to the Zondo commission.
In its final report, which Chief Justice Raymond Zondo handed to President Cyril Ramaphosa on Wednesday night, the commission estimates that the state has hemorrhaged ZAR 57,344,912,379.34 during the Gupta era.
20 Jun 2022
I asked the Stichting Wilde Ganzen (Wild Geese Foundation): "When setting up a project, is the government of the country in question asked to be involved in the planning, implementation and financing? If so, I would be grateful if you could inform me about the reactions of these governments." I have also sent information and links to articles on aid promised to Botswana since 1966. And about the problems at the Anti-Corruption Bureau in Botswana. Without corruption and with the income from the raw materials, there would be less need for citizens to beg from aid organizations in order to survive. The latter seems to have become part of their culture.
19 Jun 2022
Delegation of the European Union to Botswana and SADC no longer funding much-touted education programme.
18 Jun 2022
Scource: Princeton University.
Innovations for Successful Societies. Building Institutions, Escaping Development Traps.
Case Study: Managing Corruption Risks: Botswana Builds an Anti-Graft Agency, 1994-2012
Date of Interview: Tuesday, March 19, 2013
In this interview, Tymon Katlholo explains his experience as the director of Botswana’s Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime. He explains the importance of establishing and adhering to guidelines when pursuing cases in order to remain politically neutral and non-discriminatory as an anti-corruption agency. He further discusses some challenges he had faced in achieving institutional independence, managing interagency cooperation, streamlining investigative procedures and raising awareness in regions that are beyond the reach of the media. From his experience, Katlholo draws the lesson that corruption is about service delivery and productivity. In order to fight corruption, it is crucial to enhance professionalism, transparency, and accountability.
Read the whole interview:
17 Jun 2022
Scource: Mmegi. Local Gov’t, Transport most corrupt ministries. Friday, June 3, 2022. By Mompati Tlhankane.
The Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) has revealed that the ministry of Local Government and Rural Development is leading with the highest number of reported corruption cases followed by the Ministry of Transport and Communications.
Appearing before the Public Accounts committee (PAC) on Wednesday before he was suspended a day later, the director-general of the DCEC, Tymon Katlholo was responding to a question by PAC member and Francistown South legislator Wynter Mmolotsi. The latter had asked which government ministries and departments recorded the highest number of corruption cases. The MP said he was interested in knowing the ministries that are more prone to corruption than others.,
9 Jun 2022
9 June 2022.
March 5, 2022 the topic: Is development aid still needed? started on this website. Mmegi published an article on June 3, 2022, written by journalist Solly Rakgomo, about the commemoration of the annual African Day. Solly Rakgomo believes that the speeches are usually nothing but public relations exercises that have nothing to do with the plight of millions of Africans who are suffering from extreme hunger and poverty. What does he think it is about? Read it on
6 Jun 2022
Read first from June 2, 2022.
It is unclear to me why presidents in Botswana after the end of their term of office are paid redundancy pay for the rest of their lives, including to maintain an office, to travel, to use a government aircraft for private travel, etc.. This shows something about the morality of some presidents (and kings) if they can live with living in lavish luxury themselves, while many of their fellow countrymen are unemployed and have to ask the government for a food package. Do they still think that they have been appointed by God to protect and guide their fellow countrymen? And therefore have more privileges than their compatriots?
5 Jun 2022
Read from 2 June 2022.
This is quite different from the redundancy pay in the Netherlands, which is shorter in duration. If a minister or state secretary resigns, he or she is entitled to a benefit of: 80 % percent of the last received remuneration in the first year; 70 % of the last received remuneration from the second year. The benefit lasts as long as the period that the person has served as a minister or state secretary, but applies for a minimum of two and a maximum of three years and two months, provided the minister/state secretary has been in office for at least three months. For the redundancy pay it does not matter what the reason for the resignation was.
The benefit lapses as soon as the ex-minister/state secretary earns enough in another position. Income is deducted from the redundancy payment. There is a job application obligation up to the age of 65. Former ministers and state secretaries have a right for support in finding another position.
Since 2003, a minister/state secretary who has been in office for less than three months only receives redundancy pay for six months upon resignation. Until then, retiring ministers always received a minimum of two years' redundancy pay. Scource:
4 Jun 2022
Read from 2 June 2022.
I have not found information about redundancy pay for the first president (Seretse Khama) and the second one (Quett Masire). Quett Masire was 73 years old when he stepped down in 1998, so retired by our standards.
3 Jun 2022
Read from 2 June 2022.
Meanwhile the Office of Former President Festus Mogae (president from 1998- 2008) has not been spared the budget cuts among the retired state leaders. The estimates show that Mogae’s office has a budget of P2,3million for the year 2022- 2023, a sharp drop from the P3,5 million he was allocated in the last financial year.
The former president’s office has been allocated P369,020 budgeted for his external travel for the current financial year and P88,760 his internal travels. (It is not clear to me if this is on top of the BWP 2,3 million, or part of it.)
(After his terms as president, he served in different committees and on boards. In 2011 he served as chairman of the Choppies supermarket group where he earned. BWP 529,000. Scource: Wikipedia)

2 Jun 2022
Resignation pay for presidents of Botswana. Friday, May 27, 2022. Source: Mmegi. By Innocent Seletlhwa. (Can you speak of resignation if someone can no longer be re-elected?)
Abbreviation: BWP: Botswana Pula.
According to available budget data, the budget for former President Ian Khama's office has fallen since he stepped down (2018) from an initial BWP 4,3 million to the BWP 3,6 million his office will receive in the current financial year (2021-2022). The bulk of the budget was allocated to office allowances, with BWP 948,960 set aside for 'basic salary' and nearly BWP 50,000 for various types of allowances.
The latest estimates show that the significant cut relates to the salaries and allowances of the staff in Khama's office, which amounted to BWP 2.6 million in 2020-2021 and is now only P1,6 million in the current fiscal year. 6 million has been allocated.
In his first year after retirement, Khama was allocated BWP 1.7 million for external travel and BWP 145,000 for his internal trips. In the current financial year, his Office has been allocated BWP 600,000 for external travel and BWP 60,000 for internal trips.
The actual figures of how much Khama spent on external and internal travel in the last financial year have yet to be made available. However, the former president left some time ago for South Africa without notifying government, suggesting he could be bearing his own costs.
Read more:
1 Jun 2022
First read 16 May 2022.
Botswana constitution (1966) compared to amendment in Dutch constitution. (2022).
Botswana constitution 1966.
4. Protection of right to life. (1) No person shall be deprived of his or her life intentionally save in execution of the sentence of a court in respect of an offence under the law in force in Botswana of which he or she has been convicted.
Scource: Botswna Government.
Amendment of Dutch constitution 2008.
1. Explanation. No one can get the death penalty.
2. Formal explanation. Article 114 includes the prohibition to impose the most absolute punishment, the death penalty. This punishment is widely regarded, nationally and internationally, as inhumane.
Explanation. No one can get the death penalty. No matter how bad the crime is, a Dutch judge cannot sentence anyone to death. Not even in a special situation. Or in a war. Never!
16 May 2022
Source Mmegi.
FRANCISTOWN: Thirty-six-year-old Gobuamang Ntsuape was yesterday sentenced to death for murdering his ex-girlfriend's mother, Sadi Kgosietsile.
Justice Lot Moroka of the Francistown High Court said through the information provided, he learnt that Ntsuape’s father who was his custodian, died in 2010 and upon his death his mother cohabited with another man. Justice Moroka stated that the accused person did not accept the man brought by his mother and he chased him.
When giving out the sentence, Justice Moroka sentenced Ntsuape to five years imprisonment for arson and on count three to seven on the offences of attempted murder 15 years imprisonment each.
He added that on count eight of malicious damage to property the accused person is sentenced to five years in prison.
Justice Moroka indicated that count three to seven shall run concurrently and they shall run consecutively to count two and eight.
“On count one of murder, the accused person is hereby sentenced to death .You shall be hanged by neck until you die. You have the right to appeal this conviction, sentence or both at the Court of Appeal within 14 days),” the judge concluded.
But who relly should be hanged? Gobuamang, or the Botswana Government for not providing support in coping with the trauma Gobuamang suffered from the death of his father and not being able to accept a stepfather?
15 May 2022
Read from March 5, 2022.
What struck me was the sentence: "However, he did not believe that democracy would come to Africa now." Before colonialization, the chiefs of the tribes were supreme. The colonialists had overthrown them and taken over their power. Could it be that they thought they could regain this power by making their country independent? Was there perhaps a misunderstanding about the conditions imposed by the colonialists for granting independence? Democracy is still understood in different ways. As far as I am concerned, this means that all people have the same status. A statement about socialism: "Socialism does not mean treating the king like a cleaning lady, but a cleaning lady like a king." Although I think this is a bit exaggerated. The fact that many people today use more raw materials than the earth can provide makes this clear. It is better that it is more fairly distributed among all people and that no one thinks they are better or less than others.
In some countries, heads of state believe that their way of governing is best for the people of their country. If there is criticism, it is brushed aside, sometimes with a heavy hand. One of those who has pushed aside criticism from civilians in an extreme way is King Mswati III of Eswatini. See for more information the Swaziland News on internet.
8 May 2022
Read from 5 March 2022.
Quotation from "Debates on the independence of Botswana, Lesotho and Eswatini. Quotation from a report of the UN General Assembly, twenty-first section: Report of the Special Commission on the Situation Relating to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples. 1966. Page 98."
"381. The representative of the United Republic of Tanzania stated with regard to the statement just made by the Uruguayan representative, that the Latin American countries had given Africa many good examples, especially during their struggle for their independence. However, he did not believe that democracy was now coming to Africa. The history of that continent had always been marked by bloodshed and what was now taking place in Africa was a process of decolonization. It was therefore not really a question of democracy coming to Africa but a question of restoration to the Africans of the rights of which they had been robbed by the colonial Powers. The fact that African petitioners were appearing before the Special Committee caused him sorrow because it showed how Africa today was still being oppressed and how human freedom was still being infringed in the world. Africans were not so much interested in the idea of independence per se as in the kind of independence achieved. For example, Ian Smith had declared himself independend; however, that type of independence could not be recognized because was imical to African interests. The same applied to South Africa. Its independence was not true independence because it rested in the hands of a minority which exploited the rest of the people. His delegtion was therefore mainly interested in the nature of independence; the evidence of the petitioners must therefore be taken into consideration, because, despite certain obvious contradictions, they represented the people and spoke on their behalf. Contradictions could also be found in the statements by the administering Powers; he might mention, for example, the position taken by the United Kingdom Government on Southern Rhodesia and the very different attitude it had taken in the case of Aden, even though the populations in question were similar. As far as the assurances given by the United Kingdom Government were concerned, he recalled often such assurances had remained a dead letter. " End of quotation.
5 May 2022
News. Source Sunday Standard.
Botswana’s Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP) has responded to criticism about the recent killing of giant elephants tuskers. Hunter Leon Kachelhoffer attracted international attention recently after posting a picture of himself kneeling next to a big tusker he had just killed in Botswana. Former president Ian Khama led the criticism, calling the country’s leadership ‘incompetent and poor’. “This was one of the largest if not the largest tusker in the country. An elephant that tour operators constantly tried to show tourists as an iconic attraction. Now it is dead,” Khama wrote on his Facebook account.
An administrator at Tcheku Community Trust, which sold the elephant to Kachelhoffer, Peter Bantu indicated “At this rate, what we can say is that there was nothing wrong about killing the elephant. The proceeds from the sale of this bull will benefit the community." According to Bantu, when members of the community benefit from such proceeds, they have a sense of ownership of elephants and actively participate in anti poaching activities.
DWNP Director Dr. Kabelo Senyatso also dismissed perceptions about the diminishing numbers of big tuskers. He says a remarkable feature of the Botswana hunting data from 1996-2013 has shown that the proportions of tusks of different sizes taken in the Controlled Hunting Areas (CHAs) over 15 years of hunting remained constant from year to year.
Senyatso says Botswana’s hunting quota is an evidence- and science-based process, economic viability. Specifically for elephants, Dr. Senyatso says, the elephant hunting quota allocation is based on several factors as explained in the Botswana National Elephant Management Plan and Action Plan 2021 to 2026.
The Management Plan aims to conserve optimal elephant populations while ensuring the maintenance of habitats and biodiversity, promoting the contribution of elephants to local economies and to national development while minimizing their negative impacts on rural livelihoods through three main targets. It aims to maintain viable populations of elephants in Botswana through minimal interference and where necessary by adaptive management.
The Plan also hopes to ensure elephant populations do not adversely impact on biodiversity conservation goals and community livelihood goals as well as involving all stakeholders in the realization of the full economic potential of elephants and other wildlife resources outside the protect areas through sustainable utilization.
Read more:

4 May 2022
News. Justice Itumeleng Segopolo of the Gaborone High Court will this morning (25 March 2022) make a ruling in the case in which Lesiame Pitseng is asking to be allowed to bury his father Pitseng Gaoberekwe at Metsiamanong in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve (CKGR). The body of the deceased has been lying in a morgue in Gantsi for four months. Government has persistently denied the family permission to allow for the body of Gaoberekwe to be interred in the CKGR. Responding to the application before the court, State attorney, Advocate Sidney Pilane has argued that the deceased has no right to be buried in the game reserve.
“He is deceased and no longer exists as a person with rights. He is now a thing. And the question arises whether anybody can assert his right when he is deceased and what right does the applicant have to assert the dead person’s right?” argued Pilane.
The State also submitted that the deceased was not a beneficiary of the 2006 High Court judgement of Sesana and Others versus the Attorney General because he was not part of the 189 people who formed the case.
Pilane also argued that since the Constitution has been amended to remove Section 14.3.C, the deceased did not have a right to live in the CKGR. Section 14.3.C was a key clause in the Constitution that protected Basarwa’s freedom of movement in the game reserve. The effect of the amendment was that no one is allowed to be in the CKGR without a permit.
See for more on links in this site's homepage.
2 May 2022
Read from 5 March 2022.
African tribes themselves fought their infighting and still do. As an example, a recent ruling in Mmegi by attorney Sidney Pilane. “Stop spoiling Basarwa (San). “Why do we keep treating them differently? They are Batswana (Botswans) just like the rest of us. Why do we continue to treat them as objects of complaint deserving of our charity? It's time we treat them as equals," said Pilane. Conclusion: "Why do we continue to treat Botswanas as if they were objects of complaint that deserve our charity? It's time we treat them as equals." However, Pilane had forgotten that he was a driving force behind the brutal removal of the San from the Central Kalahari Game Reserve. He did not drive the non-San from their lands.
1 May 2022
Read from 5 March 2022.In line with the previous question, it can be declared that if European countries had not colonized Africa, there would have been no colonialists against whom Botswana should have been protected.
25 Apr 2022
Read from March 2022. Botswana. Quotation from: "BOTSWANA INDEPENDENCE BILL DEBATE [Lords], UK PARLIAMENT. 26 July 1966.
Speaker. The Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies (Mr. John Stonehouse) I beg to move, that the Bill be now read a Second time.
There are certain similarities between Botswana and Lesotho. It was 17 years after Moshoeshoe called for British protection that the Bechuana tribes followed his example. That was in 1855, and for the last 81 years the United Kingdom has had responsibility for Bechuanaland.
Mr. John Stonehouse. As in the case of Lesotho, it has been suggested that Britain has done hardly anything to help Botswana to develop. I would agree that up to ten years ago not much was done, and this is something for which both sides of the House must accept responsibility. Too little was done by both sides. But since then a great deal of assistance has been given and a great deal of money provided to help the budget. The figure we are providing in grant-in-aid rose from £140,000 in a budget of £1.3 million in 1956–57 to £2.6 million in a budget of £5.4 million in 1965–66. The final figure for 1966–67 is likely to be higher still. The total budgetary aid over this period, including the current year, will amount to over £11 million. In addition, just under £7 million has been allocated under the Colonial Development and Welfare Act, the most recent allocation being £2.6 million to spend in the two year period 1965–67.
In the period since 1961, Exchequer loans totalling about £1.9 million have been granted, and Bechuanaland has also received £400,000 under the Overseas Service Aid Scheme and £250,000 in technical assistance. The total of this direct aid in the last decade amounts to about £23 million, which is about £50 per head of our population. If we had provided a similar amount per capita to India and Pakistan in the last ten years, it would have amounted to about £20,000 million, or 10 per cent. of our gross national product.
Although I accept that up to ten years ago the United Kingdom did not do enough, I do not think that we need be ashamed of the assistance per capita provided since then, but there is no disguising the fact that Botswana faces immense problems after independence. It has to recover from the effects of famine. There has been this disastrous drought for five years, and then this year the famine. I would like to take this opportunity to go over some of the facts, because it is right that we should get on the record what has been done." End of quotation.
You may wonder why the United Kingdom should be held responsible for the development of Bechunaland since 1855. After all, it was protection that was asked for.
18 Apr 2022
Read from 5 March 2022.
Bechuanaland became Botswana. Basutoland became Lesotho. Swaziland became Eswatini. Botswana. Around 2012 I came into contact with a South African woman of Dutch origin. She wondered why in South Africa the black people wanted to kill the white people. "Maybe because you took their land?" "But when we came here, the land belonged to no one." I could not find an answer to this. Of course the land belonged to someone. In a report of a debate in the House of Commons in London on June 30, 1966, (Concerning the Botswana Independence Act, London, page 98), it was mentioned that there were delegates who were concerned about the place of the San in the Botswana society. They insisted on measures being taken to protect them from the oppression of the other tribes and the established colonialists. Reference was made to the report which, if I am correct, was commissioned by the United Kingdom Government, was written by the anthropologist and sociologist George B. Silberbauer on the situation of the San and their way of life, the wildlife and animals in the Kalahari. Most speakers agreed that Dr. Seretse Khama, at the time Prime Minister in the government of what was then called Bechuanaland, was the most qualified person to be appointed as President of Botswana. Dr. Seretse Khama is said to have had frequent consultations with all Botswana tribes about how to rule Botswana after the entry into independence. In a general election, all residents were asked whether they would like to continue as an independent nation. As for the indigenous people, he declared all residents of Botswana to be indigenous. In practice, most San were and still are seen as inferior. This was evident from a statement by a young San for whom we paid the school fees around 2014: "I am so happy that there are also people who see me as a human being and not as an animal." Ask a Botswana to tell you about the San, and the answer is likely to be: "they hunt, and ehhh, dress in skins". The Children's Frontiers report dated March 2020 on supporting Social Workers to prevent violence against children revealed that many of them did not understand why San children hated school and thus left school. That not all tribes were happy with the leadership of Dr. Seretse Khama and his tribe, Bangwato, shows the article in the Botswana newspaper Mmegi on March 11, 2022: "Mochudi: Bakgatla-ba-Kgafela have reiterated their Kgosikgolo's plea for the Constitution to allow their tribe to establish an independant homeland in the country ruled by their chief. Bakgatla are also resolute that chiefs should be given more powers, amongs others."
5 Mar 2022
We have decided not to go to Botswana this year and instead find out why Botswana, Lesotho and Eswatini (these two other countries became independent at about the same time and will be used as a comparison to Botswana) are still are somewhat underdeveloped.
10 Feb 2022
It was a great shock to us when we received word from Window of Hope on December 9th that Qwaa Qhoma had passed away and had been buried by Pastor Johannes Kahuadi on December 9th. The pastor only knew that he had been ill for a while, but did not know what caused his death. On November 17, 2016 we placed a photo of Xwaa on the home page. Xwaa is the boy to the left of the man in the white t-shirt. We still believe that his death was caused by neglect by his parents and the failure of the Social Services to intervene in this situation.
5 Nov 2021
Sunday Standard Botswana (26 October 2021) reported: "UN grill Botswana on death penalty." (See home page) The newspaper announced a survey in which Batswana (citizens of Botswana) will be asked wheter they are for or against the death penalty.
I am surprised that in Botswana, where religion the norm is, the previous survey on this subject showed that most Batswana were for. I cannot understand this, as God says: "Thou shalt not kill." Could it be that the traditional Botswana religion is still stronger than the Christian religion?
24 Sep 2021
The world's third largest rough diamond was presented this week in New York. The still unnamed stone weighs 1175 carats. Two years ago, the Sewelo diamond was found in the same Karove mine in Botswana: 1758 carats. But the Cullinan remains unsurpassed. At about 3106 carats, it was mined in South Africa in 1906. The Cullinan was finally cleaved and cut into nine separate stones. Some ended up in the British crown jewels. The diamond now found will be auctioned soon. Then it is determined in how much it can be split. Together with this find, from the same mine, two slightly smaller rough diamonds of more than 1000 carats have been presented. More of these large stones are expected to be found in the coming years. Since 2015, the Karowe mine has been using X-ray equipment to locate huge diamonds in the soil.
Source: Daily Newspaper Trouw, The Netherlands, September 24, 2021.
With the large yield of this diamond, the Botswana government could make a substantial inventory in Botswana education and social work.

18 Sep 2021
It is possible to visit Botswana, under strict regulations. However, the state of emergency still lasts until 30 September 2021. I am postponing my possible visit until April 2022.
We are having little contact with people in Botswana. To read the Botswana Sunday Times one has to take a subscription, which is not possible for me because from The Netherlands one cannot pay in Pula's. My email with the question if I can pay cash for a subscription when I am next in Botswana was not answered. It is possible to read the headlines and sometimes an article can be opened.
Today's headlines were:
Hungry Batswana prefer food vouchers over cash.
Examination fiasco looms.
Broke BDP struggling to pay staff salaries.
Opposition accost Masisi over electorial promises.
Government too broke to sponsor some students.
14 May 2021
The costs for the parcel to Molepolole turned out to be about Pula 560. On the internet the state of emergency in Botswana is still indicated as being until 30 September 2021.
7 Apr 2021
Today the parcel has arrived in Molepolole. The receiver was informed of the arrival by sms. The costs are Pula 650.
3 Apr 2021
The parcel which we sent to Molepolole (57 km north of Gabrone, along the main road) on 8 January 2021 is still on it's way somewehere in Botswana. The delivery time is 7 - 25 working days and should have been delivered 12 February at the latest. The parcel which has been sent to Gantsi on 11 January 2021 arrived on 11 March. In spite of it being a present, "customs and handling charges" of Pula 1.824,15 have been charged. The value of the parcel was € 300 and import duty 21% was about Pula 824 on 11 March. What I did not realize was that I marked "geschenk" (present), but that this was not mentioned on the form in English.
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